An accident has caused deadly fumes to enter the school ventilation system where it
will kill five children. You can stop it by throwing a switch, but doing so will kill one child
in another room. Do you throw the switch?
b. Say that a doctor can save five patients with an organ transplant that would end the
life of a patient who is sick, but not yet dead. Does she do it?
c. What is the difference between the two situations described in a and b?
d. How important are opportunity costs in your decisions?
2. Lawns produce no crops but occupy more land (25 million acres) in the United
States than any single crop, such as corn. This means that the United States is
operating inefficiently and hence is at a point inside the production possibility curve.
Right? If not, what does it mean?
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