AST 1002/ EAP 1640c: Classification Essay

AST 1002/ EAP 1640c: Classification Essay 150 150 Affordable Capstone Projects Written from Scratch

Mission: To create an essay that allows the reader to understand/interpret a system of classification for a group of astronomical objects.



Student Learning Outcome Teaching & Learning Experiences/Activities/


Elements of Thought and/or Intellectual Standards (specific features applied)
1.1.        Analyze and interpret relevant information Lecture, video presentation of critical thinking. Students will use giant post-its to  visually identify types of critical thinking and their group understanding
1.2.        Explain questions, problems, and/or issues Group class activity to support creation of graph as graphic organizer Students will meet and use graph tools to organize their material and observe it in a clear, precise, representational form.
1.3.        Evaluate information to determine credibility of reasoning Students will receive library instruction to facilitate their search for useful, valid material to support their discussion of critical thinking. Students will present library materials and their intended application to colleagues in class groups
1.4.        Generate well-reasoned conclusions Students will peer review each other’s draft of the classification essay and make recommendations to each other. Students will apply suggestions, lecture material, weblinks, videos, and group direction to craft the final classification essay for grade.


 Step One - Reflections:

Within your group, discuss and explore the topic of critical thinking. Classification rhetoric allows a single unifying traits to be observed from different vantage points.  Types of thinking may be classified and discussed in this essay.  Use your reference notes and materials on Critical Thinking.    Then separate into categories or classification identity groups           such as deliberate thinking, subliminal thinking, and cultural thinking. These are the areas of the critical thinking processes you will be discussing with respect to classification in your groups:

  • Cooperative learning groups: Groups of students working together with their peers to accomplish a common goal.
  • Problem-based learning: An instructional strategy in which students collaboratively solve problems and reflect on their experiences.
  • Project-based learning: Students go through an extended process of inquiry in response to a complex question, problem, or challenge. These projects are carefully planned, managed, and assessed to help students learn key academic content and skills, such as critical thinking.
  • Reflection: Teaching students to reflect critically on one’s experience, integrate knowledge gained from experience with knowledge possessed, and take action on insights


Use these two videos and the following link to choose your topic and classification presented in your essay:


Step Two – Arrays: Once you have collected your information, look for commonalities and differences.  You can use a Venn diagram to aid in you creating an array.  The Venn diagram will aid you in refining the differences and similarities. You can use the diagrams to work on refining the properties that differentiate the different categories. Use Figure 1 as an example.

Figure 1 Venn Diagram

An array is a graphical representation of information on several different objects that allow one to see trends and qualities of these objects.  Usually used in business, scientific, and mathematical studies. Here are two videos that show you how to use Google Sheets or Excel to create your array like Table 1 .


In this step, we will be addressing this critical thinking concept: Concept mapping: Graphical tools for organizing and representing knowledge typically illustrated using diagrams to show the relationships among concepts.


Table 1 Comparison Array

Activity/Object rough precise accurate


An example of classification is categorizing planets.  You can use questions like this help with the categorizing of planets:

  • List the planets (both major and minor) of the Solar System.
  • List and describe the types of planets.
  • Characterize each type of planet.
  • Analyze each planet’s membership in each type of planet. (In other words, why are they characterized in their type?)


You can create these types of questions to work up categorizing your selected group of objects.

Step Three – Writing the Paper: Use your graph as your outline, follow the directions for crafting the classification essay.  Review the written or video resources presented in this assignment guide to help guide your writing.  Present your rough draft to two members of your group.  Receive rough drafts from two members of the group.

Once you have worked with your group, have the professor review first draft and corrective plan. Write final draft of Classification of Critical Thinking Essay and submit the completed essay for grade.

In this step, we will be addressing this critical thinking concept: Think, Pair, Square, and Share Technique: Students think about a question related to the content just introduced over a reasonable span of time then students break into pairs and share their thoughts with each other. Pairs then join other pairs, forming squares which could be invited to join other squares to continue the process of sharing thoughts and insights while using active listening techniques.

Additional Links for Critical Thinking