AVM 300-3 Four Primary Functions of Management, Management by Objectives (MBO) by Peter Drucker, Lean Manufacturing, Six Sigma

AVM 300-3 Four Primary Functions of Management, Management by Objectives (MBO) by Peter Drucker, Lean Manufacturing, Six Sigma 150 150 Affordable Capstone Projects Written from Scratch





Prior to beginning your work on the descriptive research paper, read APA pages 15-16 and 169-173.  Also refer to The Little, Brown Compact Handbook for assistance in writing this paper.  The term descriptive is an adjective meaning describing.  Therefore, the paper must describe the topics based on information obtained from research.  Be clear, concise, and detailed.  Do not waste time and space on generalized statements.  Be specific about each theory you are describing.

IMPORTANT NOTE:  As with all assignments, the completeness and correctness of your descriptive review paper will depend upon the time and effort expended in completing them.  Do not procrastinate.  Give yourself time to think through your paper and to make revisions.  A good technique that often proves helpful is to ask someone else to read your work and provide you with suggestions for improvement.  Giving proper attention to all instructions, taking time to complete the assignment to include self-proofing and revision, and asking someone else to proof your work are all techniques that should help you achieve a better grade for your assignment.

The paper will be from the four management theories from the list below and describe each of the four management theories.

  • Four Primary Functions of Management
  • Management by Objectives (MBO) by Peter Drucker
  • Lean Manufacturing
  • Six Sigma


The descriptive paper must include the following:

  1. A title page that includes the title of the paper, your name, and affiliation (Southern Illinois University, Carbondale) centered on the page as stated in APA pages 23-24 & 41. Include the page number, but do not include a running head or author note.  At the bottom of the title page, separated from the above by a single horizontal line and centered, include the course number and title.  On the next double-spaced line, type the semester and on the next double-spaced line, your program location.  On the next double-spaced line specify the assignment being submitted.  Use the attached title page as a reference. 
  2. An abstract that consists of the following items:
  3. One sentence describing the topic of the paper.
  4. One sentence describing the purpose and scope of the paper.
  5. One sentence describing the sources used (nonspecific, generic in nature, i.e. published literature).
  6. One sentence describing the paper’s conclusion.


Do not use phrases such as “this paper,” “this research,” “the author,” etc.  Write each sentence as a concise statement that satisfies each requirement in a succinct manner.  Note that abstracts for review or theoretical papers are restricted to 75 to 100 words.  Remember, the abstract is not an introduction to the paper itself (see APA page 25).  Use the attached abstract for this assignment.

  1. An introduction that consists of no more than one paragraph. Use the attached introduction for this assignment.
  2. A literature review (body) that consists of four to six pages and is based on information taken from a minimum of three different references. The literature review portion of your paper is where you integrate and synthesize the information on your topic as it is presented in the works of others (your references).  You should use very few, if any, quotes.  The majority of your work should be information taken from your references that defines and describes the topic and which has been stated in your own words.  You must include in-text references that give credit to the originator of the information (see APA pages 174-179).
  3. A one or two paragraph conclusion. This short section should answer, “What can be concluded or implied from the information in the literature review?” and should be totally in your own words.  Do not use first or second person (I, you, we, etc.).  Write only in the third person (professional, not personal).


  1. A reference page that includes your minimum of three references (see APA pages 180-224).

Note:  APA specifies that all typing be double-spaced.  There are very few exceptions to this APA standard.  Page numbers are typed on the first line of each page in the upper right-hand corner (see APA page 41).  Every item is double-spaced from there to the bottom margin (see APA pages 41-50).


Note:  “Levels of heading establish the hierarchy of sections via format or appearance.  All topics of equal importance have the same level of heading throughout a manuscript.” (APA, 2010, p. 62).  For further information with regard to organizing a manuscript with headings and the levels of headings refer to APA pp. 62-63.  Note that “The number of levels of heading needed for your article will depend on its length and complexity” (APA, 2010, p. 63).  Try to restrict the use of headings to no more than two levels.