This is a continuation of a research paper already started. I have attached the started paper so it can be referenced and tied together, so it flows smoothly. The references already used in the paper can still be used again if need be. I have attached the directions/outline of how the paper should look. Just so the page numbers are correct for each topic because there are page number ranges I’ll write it here so you know exactly how many pages I would like for each topic.
Theoretical Framework- 3 pages, need 3 citations
Application of theory- 1.5 pages, 2 journal articles (see outline for more specific details)
Literature review- 7 pages, needs 12 citations
Research question- one sentence
Research Design- Quantitative study- 1 page
Qualitative study- 1 page
Conclusion- 2 paragraphs
Please look at the attached outline, so you know how many citations need to be in each topic as well.
Please use references from 2012-present (the reference from 2010 is acceptable but please no others dating past 2012).
For several decades, many of the professionals in the nursing sector have depended on the nurse-nurse verbal communication as the means of communication regarding patient care. However, the communication process has been unique at different facilities for delivering of continuous and reliable care to the patients especially in nurse shifting. The current verbal nurse to nurse handoff has several challenges such as the method lacks a standardized reporting and that the method is poorly developed to pass information. According to Evans et al. (2012), the communication process must now be expanded to involve the patients since they are the recipients of care. Burnett and Day (2014) states that the traditional means of communication should be transformed into the new bedside reporting.
Shift reporting has been present for a very long time. However, the process has always been restricted between the incoming and the outgoing nurse without the involvement of the patient who is the center of the health care system. The reporting has always taken place away from the patient regarding the medical treatment, patient’s current condition, and the patient’s medical history. With the use of verbal communication between the professionals only, the system was full of errors. Garber, Gross, and Slonim (2010) state that after five handoff reports on the patients’ health there is the possibility of 80 percent loss of critical information. However, according to Reinbeck and Fitzsimons (2013), a combination of verbal communication with a typed bedside report would ensure that important information is retained throughout the communication cycle. Perry, Potter, and Ostendorf (2016) further support the use of bedside reporting as this means offers a wide variety of opportunities for both the caregiver and the patient. Garber, Gross, and Slonim (2010) add that nurse-patient bedside reporting establishes a helping trust relationship that is strengthened by both verbal and non-verbal communication between the nurse and the patient at the bedside.
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