Paper Topic #2:
Take an experience you have had, be it good, bad, happy or sad and write a detailed description of the biological and physiological underpinnings of what you experienced. A good paper will include: the function of nerves relaying information and actions, the neural subsystems involved, the parts of the brain involved, neuro transmitters involved, hormones involved, the physiological reaction of your body, and the role your personality, experience and perceptions played in influencing the underlying biological/physiological functions. The paper needs to be long enough to get the job done but shouldn’t be longer than 5 pages. Your paper will be graded on how completely and clearly it addresses all of the biological/physiological processes as well as your subjective experience involved in the event you use as an example. If you want your paper to earn high makes, do not spend 3/4 of the paper describing the event and 1/4 of the paper describing the underlying bio/pysio functions. Any questions just ask.
Robbery in Action Experience
I had a bad experience in a robbery in action. During the robbery, the victims were asked to remain silent and lay down on the floor while the robbers were emptying the cash machines at the restaurant. There were different reactions from the victims as some victims were shouting, crying, while others even tried to escape from the restaurant despite the robbers having guns. I laid on the floor throughout the robbery with my body shaking, sweating, and I felt my heart beat rate had increased.
Biological and Physiological Responses
There were varying physical and emotional reactions to the robbery experience that was evident in the victims. To explain the body changes that I experienced, both my nervous system and the endocrine system got involved in reacting to the experience. According to Seaward (2006), the nervous system is divided into the Peripheral Nervous System (PNS) and Central Nervous System (CNS). The CNS is further made up of the spinal cord and brain. The PNS is comprised of all neural pathways. The brain consists of the reticular activating system and the brain stem where the reticular activating system is the communication bridge between the body and the brain. The brain stem consists the medulla oblongata, pons, and mesencephalon (McEwen, 2007). These parts of the brain stem are responsible for involuntary body functions such as breathing. Another part of the brain is the limbic system which is the emotional control center. It consists of the thalamus, amygdala, hypothalamus, and the pituitary gland. The hypothalamus coordinates and controls parts of the endocrine system and the autonomic nervous system (Foley & Kirschbaum, 2010). All the glands work together to preserve homeostasis within the body. In the encounter of the robbery, the hypothalamus was responsible for activating the autonomic nervous system, stimulated the secretion of the adrenocorticotropic hormone, it also produced the antidiuretic hormone, and finally, it stimulated the thyroid gland to produce thyroxin. The cerebral cortex is another level of the brain where sensory information relayed to the brain is processed and decoded as either a non-threat or a threat and there is also the cognition process taking place.
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