Causes of HIV
In human history, there are have been numerous infectious diseases that have affected human life significantly. According to Maartens, Celum & Lewin (2014), these infectious diseases have had a great impact as they have shaped the history of human development. The diseases have an impact on the economic and social status of the populations affected, and in recent years, these diseases have impacted the world’s economy. A viral epidemic that has affected the social and economic history of humans is the HIV/AIDS that has had a prolonged and widespread infection in all countries and continents. According to Sax, Cohen, & Kuritzkes (2014), this disease has caused loss of economically productive personnel within the population. The Human Immunodeficiency Virus is a human viral infection that affects the immune system.
Sax, Cohen, & Kuritzkes (2014) write that human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) affects the body defense system against infections and is caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a virus that infects the human body and in some cases lead to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). Summers & Karn (2011) states that in the initial infection stage, an infected individual will experience a brief period of influenza-like symptoms which disappears and is followed by a prolonged period where the individual displays no symptoms. The illness will then progress and at some point when it interferes with the immune system by weakening it and exposing the host body to infections such as opportunistic infections. In the words of Fan, Conner, & Villarreal (2014), the virus can be transmitted from person to person during oral, anal, or vaginal sex. Fan, Conner, & Villarreal (2014) adds that it can also be spread while sharing body piercing, tattoo, or drug use equipment. In addition, an infected pregnant mother can spread the virus to the infant during childbirth, pregnancy, and breastfeeding. The virus once inside the body, it attacks and weakens the immune system. Therefore, the infected person becomes vulnerable to several infections.
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