As American families continue to change, educational programs need to adopt parent participation to reinforce a consistency of early growth and developmental experiences between children’s family and classroom environments. Strong linkages between the school and the home can be ensured when teachers are routinely allowed the time and resources 1) to discuss the impact on school-home relations of the diversity of cultures, backgrounds, lifestyles, religions, belief/value systems and family structures found in their classrooms; and 2) to develop a range of strategies for involving all families of the young children they teach.
Upon the completion of this research project, the teacher candidates will achieve the following learning objectives:
- Understand the historical events and their impacts on the current USA society, as well as your role as an educator.
- Self-examine your own childhood, value, belief, and other experiences that shape who you are and how you interact with your students.
- Become familiar with essential information regarding family of a specific family structure and/or lifestyle, belief system, cultural and political background.
- Start to consider how individuals and families are influenced by their experiences and backgrounds, including religion, value and belief system, personal preference, social economic status (SES), surrounding environment and physical condition, cultural experiences, technology and media, economic structure, government regulations and political situation, etc.
- Be aware of and sensitive to students’ experiences and backgrounds when planning for individual and group learning activities, school events, school-family communications and other teaching strategies.
- Practice research skills on finding current and accurate information from various reliable resources and present the collected information in a logical form.
- Obtain social skills in establishing and maintaining friendship, showing respect, listening to peers, giving feedback, sustaining a harmony working relationship, actively supporting each other, negotiating to reach the shared goals, and so forth.
- Examine one’s current educational philosophy and teaching practice, as well as reflect upon what s/he learned from studying his/her own individual research project topic, reading/listening to classmates’ topics and applying research results in designing/implement practical learning activities, classroom teaching and communicating strategies for severing his/her students and family members of diverse backgrounds and experiences.
Each teacher candidate will individually study ONE topic during this semester. Below are IRP direction, checklist, available topics (see options in Section Two) and grading rubric:
IRP (9/4 – 11/20, 300 pt.)
IRP consists four (4) major sections (writing stages)
- Research on USA history and its changes since its establishment to now: Before we can plan for what/who we expect our children to be in the near future, we need to know what happened in the past in order to realize how, why and who we are now. In the first section of IRP, each teacher candidate will study and understand the changes of USA and their impacts on the overall US society in various periods:
- before 1492 AD: the residents (Native Tribes), their land and life
- 1492-1776 AD: Settlement, colonies, immigrants, their life and important events
- 1776-1900: Declare of Independence (establishment of USA and its foundation), USA Constitution (civilization of USA; the Checks and Balances system of Internal Constraints on Government Power to set limitations of government’s power in various branches at each level, the qualification/condition to become an US citizen, the responsibility and right as an US citizen); the Bills of Right, slavery and segregation, Civil War, etc.
- 1900-1950: critical historical events and their impacts on the current American society in education, learning/teaching theories from foreign educators, psychologists and philosophers, World Wars and became the World Superpower, the advance of technology for educational and medical fields
- 1950-1980: Feminism, Ten Commandments prohibited in public schools, MLK, no-fault divorce, Roe v. Wade, Planned Parenthood (and its connection to Margaret Sanger), New Age, etc.
- 1980-2008: education movement, overseas wars, immigrants and homeland security
- 2008-2016: education movement (Common Core and Race to the Top), overseas wars, Obamacare, immigrants and homeland security, same-sex marriage; sues to Christian business owners and Christ followers, bathroom ruling for an individual’s “right” to use whatever restroom, showroom or join events that match his/her gender identity.
- 2017-now: “Make America Great Again”, appointed new conservative Judges, economic growth and lower unemployment rate in recent decades, immigration policies and homeland security, and meeting leaders of China, North Korea, Russia, European Countries, etc.
Please use titles and subtitles as an outline to organize your research content (1600-2100 words) with 10-12 reliable references from the textbook chapters, professional articles, reliable internet resources, YouTube clips, news report, personal interviews (up to 2), etc. You will post your initial draft in the Discussion by 10/2/18 for the inputs and feedback from both the instructor and your classmates.
- Research on Diverse backgrounds of students/families: An individual’s culture, language, religion, political standpoint, as well as regional environment in which s/he grew up with will deeply influence his/her perception, value, belief and ways to deal with people, materials, and events. As a competent teacher, you need to understand the culture, experiences, belief, and other related backgrounds of your students and their families in order to prepare optimal learning activities and environment for better serving diverse students. In this section, each teacher candidate will thoroughly study ONE of the following topics listed below:
- “Working with Children and Families of African American Background (1700s A.D. – now) – Please include your study of the slavery, segregation, right, the famous people and their impacts on US history, and so forth.
Please see more detailed instruction in the 8) Item under the Item 4 on pp.4-5 of this document. Please use titles and subtitles as an outline to organize your research content (2000-2500 words) with 12-15 reliable references from the textbook chapters, professional articles, reliable internet resources, YouTube clips, news report, personal interviews (up to 2), etc. You will post your initial draft in the Discussion by 10/30/18 for the inputs and feedback from both the instructor and your classmates.
- Practical teaching and communicating strategies: Based on what was learned from the above history and diversity research, each teacher candidate will state your educational vision and plan for practical B-K classroom applications as a competent 21st To effectively equip your students as 21st learners, you will also design the learning environments, teaching/communicating strategies to serve the children and their family members of the selected background, as well as to create a welcome learning atmosphere to invite their participation and contribution to the objects/goals of the designed learning activities. Please see more instruction in the 9) Item under the Item 4 on p. 5 of this document.
Please use 5-7 reliable references from the textbook chapters, professional articles, reliable internet resources, YouTube clips, news report, and post your initial draft in the Discussion by 11/6/18 for the inputs and feedback from both the instructor and your classmates.
- Incorporating the feedback/input from both Dr. Chuang and your peers in Sections 1-3, you will post your final revised IRP paper in the Discussion to share with the entire class by 11/20/18. Your final IRP paper should follow the guideline below:
- use 1” margin for all side, as well as single-spaced, 12 pt. font and “align left” for the entire paper to saving paper (except “center” the titles and subtitles with a bigger font)
- add a cover page with IRP Topic “Working with Children and Families of ___________ Background”, your name, course # and title, semester and year, UNCP (in a separated title page)
- insert a brief running heading with page # on each page of the entire IRP paper; you can do it by clicking on the follow Microsoft Word functions “insert”à “page number” à“top of page”à “plain number 3” àadd “your name, course #, semester and year, assignment name, p.” before the automatically show-up page #, for example: MelodyC_ECE 2050 Sp18 IRP, p.1
- appropriately use an outline with titles and subtitles to write a well-organized research to present your study in a historical order with accuracy, quality and consistent references for both in-text citations and reference list in APA style correctly throughout the entire paper.
- appropriately give credits to the original author(s) by trying to use your own word to paraphrase the cited content as possible and keep the direct quote of the exact words from its original resource less than 15% of your paper.
- Introduction (100-150 words): start your IRP paper with an introduction of its purpose, overall structure and brief summary;
- For Section One (1600-2100 words): use 10-12 reliable and accurate references for the studying of USA history, important document and events, and their impacts on the entire society according the timeline described previously.
- For Section Two (2000-2500 words): use 12-15 reliable and accurate references for studying the history and characteristics of the children and families of the selected culture, belief and value, political system, or lifestyle (as well as stereotypes)
- Geographic and historical background: overview the history from the very beginning all the way to nowadays, list critical historical events that dramatically shaped its society (150 – 350 words description, along with map/pictures to show the historical habitat overtime and migration of this group of people. It is suggested that you insert 2×2 or 3×3 grids for the pictures along with explanation and citation of its source of each individual picture);
- The key document, laws, standards, main philosophy [along with the author(s) and published year(s) and how they influence the people’s daily life (pictures and 350-500 words description];
- Description of the typical family size and structure, birthrate, parent-child interaction, responsibility/role of each family member, the typical male’s and female’s roles, social status and responsibility at home and in the society (please include how the gender roles and status changed over time, 450-600 words);
- Attitudes/practices to poor, fatherless and children with disabilities and how the above practices and concepts have changed over time (pictures and 200-400 words description);
- How is one’s success defined and evaluated (i.e., in their viewpoint, what are the most important concerns when they make decisions?) (150-250 words);
- How do they value education and school, as well as family-school interactions (150-300 words);
- Description of the important events and special holidays, preferred colors, numbers, foods, special customs and taboos unique to this group of people (pictures and 400-500 words description)
- For Section Three (650-900 words): according to your understanding from the above study/research in Sections One and Two, use 5-7 reliable and accurate references to describe your education vision/philosophy, followed by practical teaching approaches (such as environment arrangement, learning materials/activities, teaching strategies, recommendations for and/or parent-teacher communication) to welcome the students and their parents from this particular backgrounds for their active participation to include all students and their family.
- Conclusion (100-150 words): conclude this research paper.
- References: correctly provide “References” at the end of the paper in APA style in alphabetical order; each entry aligns to the in-text citation; each reference entry starts at the very first space on the left in the first line, followed by “one-half inch from the left margin indented” for the subsequent lines
- Before submitting, please check for professional writing, logical writing/reading flow; accuracy, current and complete information; quality and consistent references (both in-text citations and reference list in APA style) and with NO extra spaces and/or lines
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