Fusion Centers

Fusion Centers 150 150 Affordable Capstone Projects Written from Scratch


See attached background materials and assignment expectations. Please ensure there is a clearly stated introduction and conclusion in the paper. Thank you.

Required Reading

Required Reading

CRS Report for Congress, Homeland Security Intelligence: Perceptions, Statutory  Definitions, and Approaches, January 14, 2009. https://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/intel/RL33616.pdf

Dahl, E. J. (2011), Domestic Intelligence Today: More Security but Less Liberty? The 9/11 Essays., Homeland Security Affairs 7https://www.hsaj.org/articles/67

DHS, Quadrennial Homeland Security Review. June 2014.
Read section 5, “Strategic Priorities,” pp. 33-52. http://www.dhs.gov/sites/default/files/publications/2014-qhsr-final-508.pdf

U.S. Department of Justice (2008), Baseline Capabilities for State and Major Urban Area Fusion Centershttp://www.it.ojp.gov/documents/baselinecapabilitiesa.pdf

National Intelligence Council. National Intelligence Estimate: The Terrorist Threat to the US Homeland,July 2007.

Steiner, James E., Needed: State-Level, Integrated Intelligence Enterprises, Studies in Intelligence, September 2009.

Required Websites

DHS State and Major Urban Area Fusion Centers: http://www.dhs.gov/state-and-major-urban-area-fusion-centers

DHS Office of Intelligence & Analysis: http://www.dhs.gov/xabout/structure/gc_1220886590914.shtm

FBI Directorate for Intelligence: http://www.fbi.gov/intelligence/intell.htm

Recommended Reading   
DHS Strategic Plan 2014-2018. (2013). http://www.dhs.gov/sites/default/files/publications/FY14-18%20Strategic%20Plan.PDF

Interagency Threat Assessment and Coordination Group (2011), ITACG Intelligence Guide for First Responders, 2d ed.

Randol, M. A. (2010). The Department of Homeland Security Intelligence
Enterprise. Operational Overview and Oversight Challenges for Congress Congressional Research Service. https://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/homesec/R40602.pdf
(Read pp. 1-20 and skim the rest of this 57-page report.)

U.S. Government Accountability Office. DHS Intelligence Analysis: Additional Actions Needed to Address Analytic Priorities and Workforce Challenges. GAO-14-397. June 2014.

Information Sharing Environment. (2014). Annual Report to Congress for 2014:

New Jersey State Police. (2006). Practical Guide to Intelligence-Led Policing, http://www.state.nj.us/njsp/divorg/invest/pdf/njsp_ilpguide_010907.pdf


Assignment Overview

State and major urban area fusion centers serve as focal points within the state and local environment for the receipt, analysis, gathering, and sharing of threat-related information between the federal government and state, local, tribal, territorial (SLTT), and private sector partners.

There are issues and concerns related to intelligence collection methods at some of the country’s local law enforcement agencies, joint terrorism task groups, and fusion centers. The first issue relates to constitutional limitations. Constitutional limitations restrict the government’s ability to access private information. The Fourth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution is particularly relevant. To the extent that government activity burdens individuals’ freedom of speech and related rights, the First Amendment may also play a role. Another issue is related to the process of collecting and sharing the information, which in many cases is not standardized, creating potential holes in the way officials exchange information on terror threats.

Case Assignment

  1. Briefly describe the seven-step intelligence cycle.
  2. What are some potential problems with collecting intelligence within the United States?
  3. Give some examples of fusion centers and how these centers fuse intelligence at the local, state, and federal levels.

Assignment Expectations

Support your work with peer-reviewed, government, and subject matter expert sources. Your paper will not be longer than 5 pages (excluding cover sheet and reference page).