After reading each article, please write a 250~300 word summary of each reading. Please focus on main points, arguments/concepts and important definition.
The Himalayan Kingdom of Bhutan was under transformation and moves from isolated past into modernism. The nation tries to participate in trade and becomes part of the global community. The nation-state in its development path embraces a policy and philosophy named the Gross National Happiness (Zurick 657). The concept became an instrument aimed at promoting environmental conservation and human development. The concepts observe sustainable strategies with the guidance by Buddhist ethics. The Bhutan’s approaches in governance and development policies that have a significant impact on environmental conditions in the nation.
Bhutan measures prosperity and gauges the level of happiness levels instead of the GDP. Since the 1980s, Bhutan did not consider Gross Domestic Product as the only method of measuring progress (Zurick 664). However, the country championed the gross national happiness as the new approach to development. The country measures the physical, spiritual, environmental and social health of its people and the surrounding environment. In the last 30 years, the GND approach considers preferences over material growth that sparking a global debate. The financial crisis and breakdown in financial systems, environmental destruction, and gross inequality helped the Buddhist nation to gauge people’s happiness.
The term GNH expresses distinct Buddhist perceptions as a process to earn peace and prosperity. The GNH is premised on the country to create necessary conditions enabling citizens to live a better life.
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