Homicide and Crimes against Persons-Outline

Homicide and Crimes against Persons-Outline 150 150 Affordable Capstone Projects Written from Scratch

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Homicide is the killing of a human being by another.  The law categorizes homicide into justifiable homicide, manslaughter, euthanasia, killing in war and capital punishment depending on the circumstance in which the death occurred.  The human society treats homicide cases very differently; it is considered a crime in some societies while other legal systems permit or order homicide.  In the United States, the criminal homicide may take purposeful or accidental forms.  The extent of the crime and mental state of the wrongdoer determines the sentence in criminal homicide. Homicide is punishable by capital punishment and imprisonment.

Under the common law, homicide was justifiable, excusable and felonious.  Justifiable murder held the perpetrators not guilty. The law permits homicide such as when a police shoot and kill a fleeing felon to prevent potential death or injury to others.  The murder could be purposeful or intentional with malicious aforethought but it is not criminal. The law enforcement officer does not face criminal justice for the murder committed.

Excusable homicides include minimal guilt. The society forgives or pardons the defendant who is legally insane.  The murder could be purposeful or intentional with malicious aforethought but not criminal. The defendant is thus not convicted of murder.  In felonies, murder rule indicates that one is guilty of murder if the felony victim, co-felon, bystanders die because of his actions.

Felonious acts were punishable by death.  The law evolved and classified criminal homicide into involuntary and voluntary manslaughter. Hitting a man with the intention to killing is voluntary murder while involuntary manslaughter is an unintentional cause of death to someone.  The court grants offenders different legal actions.  However, the court needs to prove Corpus Delicti in a criminal case. The prosecution must prove beyond reasonable doubt that the intention other than relying on perpetrators intentions.  The prosecution relies on witness testimony, surveillance footage, and blood stains to prove corpus delicti in the case of missing body of a victim.