JWI 530: Financial Management I: Assignment 2: Management Accounting Application

JWI 530: Financial Management I: Assignment 2: Management Accounting Application 150 150 Affordable Capstone Projects Written from Scratch

JWI 530: Financial Management I; Assignment 2: Management Accounting Application

In this assignment, you will demonstrate your understanding of capital investment techniques by evaluating
the following three case studies. In addition to your calculations for each scenario, you should submit a Word
document in which you respond to the questions in each scenario.
Case Analysis 1 (Weight 20% of Total Assignment)
You work for a small, local telecommunications company. In five years, the company plans to undertake a
major upgrade to its servers and other IT infrastructure. Management estimates that it will need up to
$450,000 to cover all related costs; however, as a fairly young company, the goal is to pay for the upgrade
with cash and not to take out loans. Right now, you have $300,000 in a bank account established for Capital
Investments. This account pays 4% interest, compounded annually. A member of the finance department
has approached you with an investment opportunity for the $300,000 that covers a five-year period and has
the following projected after-tax cash flows:
Year Projected Cash Flow
1 $90,000
2 $115,000
3 $135,000
4 $110,000
5 $90,000
Based on this information, in an MS Word document, answer the following questions:
1) How much money will be in the bank account if you leave the $300,000 alone (earning 4% compounded
interest) until you need it in five years?
2) If you undertake the investment opportunity, what is the Nominal Payback Period?
3) Using the Present Value factors for 7% (which can be found on any PV Factor table), what is the
discounted Payback Period of the investment opportunity?
4) What is the Net Present Value at 7% of the investment opportunity?
5) Which option (make the investment or leave the money in a savings account) would you recommend to
your CEO? Why? What additional factors/information might make you change your point of view?
Case Analysis 2 (Weight 30% of Total Assignment)
The CEO of Dynamic Manufacturing was at a conference and talked to a supplier about a new piece of
equipment for its production process that she believes will produce ongoing cost savings. As the Operations
Manager, your CEO has asked for your perspective on whether or not to purchase the machinery.
After talking to the supplier and meeting with your Engineers and Financial Analysts, you’ve gathered the
following pieces of data:
• Cost of Machine: $140,000
• Estimated Annual After Tax Cash Flow Savings: $60,000 (which may or may not grow)
• Estimated machinery life: 3-5 years (after which there will be zero value for the equipment and no
further cost savings)
• You seem to recall that Dynamic’s Finance organization recommends either a 10% or a 15%
discount rate for all Cost Savings Projects
From your JWMI MBA, you know that you need to understand the project financials to ensure that this
investment will be economically attractive to Dynamic Manufacturing’s shareholders.
Calculate the Nominal Payback, the Discounted Payback, the Net Present Value and the IRR for each
scenario, assuming:
A. Ann (A) recommends using the base assumptions above: 3 year project life, flat annual savings, 10%
discount rate.
B. Bob (B) recommends savings that grow each year: 3 year project life, 10% discount rate and a 10%
compounded annual savings growth in years 2 & 3. In other words, instead of assuming savings stay
flat, assume that they will grow by 10% in year 2, and then grow another 10% over year 3 in year.
C. Cassidy (C) believes we use a higher Discount Rate because of the risk of this type of project: 3 year
project life, flat annual savings, 15% discount rate.
D. David (D) is convinced the machine will last longer than 3 years. He recommends using a 5 Year
Equipment Life: 5 year project and savings life, flat annual savings, 10% discount rate. In other
words, assume that the machine will last 2 more years and deliver 2 more years of savings.

In an MS Word document, in paragraph form, respond to the following questions:
1) Which person’s scenario would you present to management and why? From a strictly financial
(numbers) perspective, would you recommend this purchase to management?
2) In your opinion, which person’s scenario is based on the most aggressive assumptions? If you were
to select this scenario as the basis for your proposal, how would you justify the more aggressive
3) In SIMPLE English (as in talking to a non-Finance and non-MBA person), explain why there is value
to management in running all 4 of these scenarios.
4) Beyond financial measures, what other factors would you want to consider, before making a
recommendation to management?
5) If you were the CEO, would you approve this proposal? Why or why not?
Case Analysis 3 (Weight 40% of Total Assignment)
You are the General Manager at the Bicker, Slaughter, and Lynch Law Firm. There is an opportunity to buy
out a small law firm that was just started by a young MBA/JD, and you believe the firm can be grown and
become a lucrative part of your Firm. With help from your finance leader, you have estimated the following
benefit streams for this new division:
Year 1 Year 2 Year 3 Year 4 Year 5 Year 6 Year 7 Year 8
Before Tax
Cash Flow
$(149,000) $0 $51,380 $88,760 $114,100 $129,780 $143,640 $167,300
After Tax
Net Income
$(103,500) $(50,500) $36,700 $63,400 $81,500 $92,700 $102,600 $119,500
After Tax
Cash Flow
$(85,600) $15,000 $48,600 $72,200 $95,550 $101,300 $125,200 $140,200

• You estimate that the purchase price for this firm would be $200,000 and that additional net working
capital would be needed in the amount of $60,000 in year 0, an additional $15,000 in year 2 and then
$15,000 in year 5.
• BSL usually spend about $275,000 per year in advertising. If you make this acquisition, you would
ask that advertising spending be increased by an incremental one-time amount of $45,000 in year 0
to publicize the firm’s expansion.
• Your finance leader has indicated that the firm has access to a credit line and could borrow the funds
at a rate of 6%. He also mentions that when he runs project economics for capital budgeting (such
as a new copier or a company car), he recommends a standard 10% rate discount, but the one other
time they looked at an acquisition of a smaller firm, he used a 13% rate discount. Obviously you will
want to select the most appropriate discount rate for this type of project.
• At the end of 8 years, the plan is to sell this division. The estimated terminal value (the sale and the
return of working capital) is conservatively estimated to be $350,000 of after-tax cash flow help.
Using the data that you need (and ignoring the extraneous information), for this potential acquisition,
calculate each of the following items:
o the Nominal Payback
o the Discounted Payback
o the Net Present Value
o the IRR
In an MS Word document, in paragraph form, respond to the following questions:
1) From a purely financial (numbers) perspective, would you recommend this purchase to
management? Why?
2) What are some of the non-financial elements that need to be considered for this proposal?
3) Assumptions in project economics can have a huge impact on the result. Identify 3 financial
elements/assumptions in your analysis that would make this project financially unattractive? In other
words, what would have to be true for this to be a bad investment?
4) If you were the CEO, would you approve this proposal? Why or why not?