References must be made from Peer reviewed journals and maybe a book or two. The references must be at most 5 years old – i.e papers from 2012 till 2017.
I would like if the paper was about floriculture or food.
In addition, I would like the following questions answered in the paper:
1. How do you make your products?
2. What are the production process / operations involved in making the product
3. Do you use a hybrid production process? If so, which one? (check out hybrid processes)
4. How do you convert inputs raw materials to outputs
5. What do you need to buy in
6. What do we need to make in house
7. What manufacturing process do you follow and how was the decision reached to follow this process
8. What is the layout of the factory>
In the manufacturing environment, manufacturers are faced with a challenge of production since there exist intense competition in many sectors. The cost of raw materials and environmental pollution have also increased forcing companies to look for manufacturing processes that would minimize waste and reduce the cost of production. In general, companies are transforming from the old mass production processes to more advanced, flexible, and efficient methods of production. Lean production is one such method that companies can maximize to ensure they meet these demands. According to Marchwinski (2014), lean production is a manufacturing process that focuses on two main issues. Haider & Mirza, (2015, p.12) lists elimination of waste as one of the main issue and respect for humanity as the other. Since the 1980s, lean production has received a lot of attention from manufacturers in all jurisdictions due to its efficiencies in manufacturing. Maroofi and Dehghan (2012, p.159) write that lean production has brought significant changes towards the practice of management by ensuring that the production is efficient and effective. The performance of business entities has also improved.
Companies are facing a challenge to respond to the ever-changing market demands. Therefore, their manufacturing systems need to be expanded and re-configured so as to allow new techniques into the process without altering the initial manufacturing investments in the company (Djassemi, 2014). Companies have opted for the lean manufacturing process for them to bring a fresh look at manufacturing processes. The lean techniques have also been proven to eliminate large outlays in the capital especially for dedicated machinery and therefore lean manufacturing is a process worth investing in.
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