Legal Policy Memorandum: Fair Cross Section of Jurors

Legal Policy Memorandum: Fair Cross Section of Jurors 150 150 Affordable Capstone Projects Written from Scratch

CJ 500 Module Four Legal Policy Memorandum Guidelines and Rubric
Overview: For this assignment, you will write a legal policy memorandum to the district court judge addressing the controversial issue of obtaining a fair cross
section of jurors to serve on a jury. By analyzing this specific issue, this memorandum will help prepare you for your Milestone Two submission in Module Five,
where you will provide an in-depth analysis of the contemporary criminal justice issue that you have selected for your final project.
The continuing underrepresentation of some groups—including minorities, young adults, and the poor—remains a concern in attempting to create a fair cross
section of the community represented on juries. One reason for this underrepresentation is obvious racism, bigotry, and prejudice. Another reason is that the
poor often cannot afford to be on juries, because they will miss work and be compensated at a much lower wage to serve on the jury. Social class plays a strong
role in conflict theory, as the theory suggests socioeconomic status directly affects the selection of jurors and the disparity in social class of those incarcerated in
this country. Often, attorneys use peremptory challenges to exclude jurors, which require no show of cause or reasonable grounds to exclude. These peremptory
challenges are often utilized when a juror seems apathetic or disinterested in the process. Peremptory challenges are limited in number, whereas challenges for
cause (some type of conflict, bias, or affiliation with the involved parties) are unlimited.
Prompt: Use the Memorandum Template to complete the assignment. Address the following critical elements as they are reflected in the Sample Legal Policy
Memorandum. These critical elements appear as headings in that document as follows:
1. Issue Presented: Summarize the issue in the form of a brief one-sentence question.
2. Short Answer: Provide a short answer which summarizes the conclusion of the memorandum.
3. Statement of Facts: Describe how the issue may negatively affect public perception of the criminal justice system.
4. Discussion: Provide a brief discussion of the issue, including the recent history of the issue and any legal precedents related to it.
5. Conclusion: Provide a conclusion based on the details of the issue outlined in the Discussion section.
6. Recommendations:
a) What recommendations should be in place to make sure that the jury pool contains a fair cross section of the community?
b) What are types of evidence-based practices can be employed to have people of lower socioeconomic status more willing to serve on a jury?
c) Based on your analysis of the issue using conflict theory, what are the best practices to ensure random selection of individuals to serve on a
jury?
d) Address what the impact of this issue is on the criminal justice system. Are more organizations than only courts affected by this? Include
examples of the impact on the different branches of the criminal justice system.
Reference your textbook or other course readings in your submission to support your answers.
For assistance in writing this memorandum, please review the Sample Legal Policy Memorandum as well as the optional article How to Write an Interoffice Legal
Memorandum.
Guidelines for Submission: Your submission should be 2 pages in length (in addition to title and reference pages) and should use single spacing, 12-point Times
New Roman font, and one-inch margins. Use APA style to cite your sources within the text of your paper and on the reference page. Use the Memorandum
Template to complete this activity.
Refer to the Criminal Justice Library Tips for assistance in finding and citing outside sources.
Instructor Feedback: This activity uses an integrated rubric in Blackboard. Students can view instructor feedback in the Grade Center. For more information,
review these instructions.
Critical Elements Exemplary (100%) Proficient (90%) Needs Improvement (70%) Not Evident (0%) Value
Issue Presented Meets “Proficient” criteria and
question is a succinct and clear
summary of the issue
Summarizes the issue in a onesentence
question
Summarizes the issue in a onesentence
question, but summary
contains inaccuracies
Does not summarize the issue in
a one-sentence question
6
Short Answer Meets “Proficient” criteria and
short answer is a succinct and
clear summary of the conclusion
Provides a short answer that
summarizes the conclusion of the
memorandum
Provides a short answer that
summarizes the conclusion of the
memorandum, but summary
lacks detail or contains
inaccuracies
Does not provide a short answer
that summarizes the conclusion
of the memorandum
6
Statement of Facts Meets “Proficient” criteria
substantiated with evidence to
support description
Describes how the issue may
negatively affect public
perception of the criminal justice
system
Describes how the issue may
negatively affect public
perception of the criminal justice
system, but description lacks
detail or contains inaccuracies
Does not describe how the issue
may negatively affect public
perception of the criminal justice
system
12
Discussion Meets “Proficient” criteria
substantiated with research to
support discussion
Provides a discussion of the
issue, including the recent history
of the issue and any legal
precedents related to it
Provides a discussion of the
issue, but does not include the
recent history of the issue or any
legal precedents related to it
Does not provide a discussion of
the issue
12
Conclusion Meets “Proficient” criteria
substantiated with evidence to
support discussion
Provides a conclusion based on
the details of the issue outlined
in the Discussion section
Provides a conclusion based on
the details of the issue outlined
in the Discussion section, but
conclusion lacks detail or
contains inaccuracies
Does not provide a conclusion
based on the details of the issue
outlined in the Discussion section
12
Recommendations:
Fair Cross Section
Meets “Proficient” criteria
substantiated with evidence to
support identification
Identifies the recommendations
that should be in place to make
sure the jury pool contains a fair
cross section of the community
Identifies the recommendations
that should be in place to make
sure the jury pool contains a fair
cross section of the community,
but with gaps in detail or
recommendations that include
inaccuracies
Does not identify the
recommendations that should be
in place to make sure the jury
pool contains a fair cross section
of the community
12
Recommendations:
Evidence-Based
Practices
Meets “Proficient” criteria
substantiated with citations from
the course readings to support
practices
Identifies the types of evidencebased
practices that can be
employed to have people of
lower socioeconomic status more
willing to serve on a jury
Identifies the types of evidencebased
practices that can be
employed to have people of
lower socioeconomic status more
willing to serve on a jury, but
with gaps in detail or with
strategies that contain
inaccuracies
Does not identify the types of
evidence-based practices that
can be employed to have people
of lower socioeconomic status
more willing to serve on a jury
12
Recommendations:
Random Selection
Meets “Proficient” criteria
substantiated with citations from
the course readings to support
best practices
Identifies best practices to ensure
random selection of individuals
to serve on a jury based on
analysis of the issue using conflict
theory
Identifies best practices to ensure
random selection of individuals
to serve on a jury based on
analysis of the issue using conflict
theory, but analysis lacks detail
or contains inaccuracies
Does not identify best practices
to ensure random selection of
individuals to serve on a jury
based on an analysis using
conflict theory
12
Recommendations:
Impact
Meets “Proficient” criteria
substantiated with research to
support description
Describes the impact of the issue
on the criminal justice system,
including examples of the impact
on the different branches within
the system
Describes the impact of the issue
on the criminal justice system,
but does not include examples of
the impact on the different
branches within the system, or
description lacks detail
Does not describe the impact of
the issue on the criminal justice
system
12
Articulation of
Response
Submission is free of errors
related to citations, grammar,
spelling, syntax, and organization,
and is presented in a professional
and easy to read format
Submission has no major errors
related to citations, grammar,
spelling, syntax, or organization
Submission has major errors
related to citations, grammar,
spelling, syntax, or organization
that negatively impact readability
and articulation of main ideas
Submission has critical errors
related to citations, grammar,
spelling, syntax, or organization
that prevent understanding of
ideas
4
Total 100%


 

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