please answer to discussion#1 and #2 with 75 words APA atyle
oved health, enhanced functional ability and better quality of life”. It based on the assumptions that people want to regulate their behavior; they interact with their environment and, in the process, change and are changed by the environment; health care professionals influence the patient as they are part of the interpersonal environment; and in order for behavior to change, the patient must start the process of re-adapting to the environment (“Health Promotion Model”, 2011). This theory asserts that one of the driving forces of certain positive behaviors is a perceived benefit from engaging in said behaviors. According to this theory, there is a relationship between perception and reality. Positive perception of competence, self-efficacy, attitudes and emotions increase likelihood of commitment and acting out a certain behavior, especially health-promoting behavior.
One article sought to determine the effect the Health Promotion Model had in improving nutritional behavior of overweight and obese women. The results showed that this model did improve nutritional behaviors. This model is one of the most commonly used to promote lifestyle changes and behaviors in order to improve health. The assessment of perceived benefits, barriers, self-efficacy, behavior-related affect, interpersonal influences, situational influences, and commitment to action was done. The experimental group went through three sessions. One session was about the benefits of healthy nutritional behaviors. The second session was about the barriers to healthy nutritional behaviors ways to overcome, and the third session was about ways to promote efficacy and commitment to healthy nutritional behaviors. These results of this study showed that those in the experimental group had increased positive perceived benefits, self-efficacy, and behavior-related affect. Also, results showed decreased barriers after the intervention of the sessions. Increased knowledge about barriers and the methods to overcome them increased the motivations and interpersonal influence positively. This model can positively affect the commitment and performance of health-promoting behaviors (Khodaveisi, Omidi, Farokhi & Soltanian, 2017).
Health Promotion Model is an invention by Nola J Pender that has gained popularity in nursing (2010). It is a complementary theory among many other theories applicable in the practice. While the other theories assist nurses in helping patients recover from diagnosed, and consequently treated illness; this model focuses on improving the well-being of patients (Masters, 2012). According to this model, that which is described as good health does not necessarily mean lack of sickness. It means a constantly improved well-being. Therefore, the Health Promotion Model concentrates on stabilizing the perceived stable health condition of an individual. It is actually preventive in nature because it applies to non-hospitalized patients. Also, it focuses on the mental or psychological states that could possibly lead to sickness. Like in every nursing care, this model puts the patient at the center stage.
The model has three main areas which a nurse must consider when helping a patient improve their health namely; the characteristics and experiences of the individual patient, knowledge, and emotions that are specific to a particular behavior, and the consequences of a behavior (Pender & Pender, 1996). This theory revolves around a concept that each person has special characteristics and experiences which result in various actions. The main goal is to improve the health of the patient by motivating positive behavior-specific and emotions variables. To achieve this, the theory considers the experiences of the patient, their past behavior, the rate at which the same behavior recurs presently, and the direct and indirect implications of the same in the possibility of involving in health-promoting activities.
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