This weeks discussion centers around the Makarenko article. I would like you to discuss at least TWO of the following questions:
-Are we seeing an increasing metamorphosis of organized crime and terrorist groups?
-What is driving this metamorphosis?
-Will there be a distinction between both groups in 20 years time?
-What are the policy implications of this increase in cooperation?
The federal governments around the world have of recent been interested in getting more knowledge on criminal and terrorist groups. These groups pose a great danger to the peace in the different countries that they operate in. In the United States, state and federal governments and organizations have focused on uncovering the changing aspects of terrorism. Several pieces of literature have been released seeking to offer some clarifications on the issues linked to the terrorist threat. Makarenko (2010) states that target selection, group organization, state relations, recruitment, and the role of ideology have prompted growing analytical considerations.
An Increasing Metamorphosis of Organized Crime and Terrorist Groups
YES, there is evidence of increasing metamorphosis of organized crime and terrorist groups.
Criminal and terrorist activities have shifted from a solid ideological plan to one controlled by economic ambitions. The illegal groups are now using crime and terrorism as a source of funding, especially for their activities. Over the years, there has been the formation of alliances between a terrorist and criminal organizations. However, these alliances have transformed into complex structures that governments have to look into with more details in order to understand it. Organized criminal groups and terrorist groups have taken advantage of the civil wars affecting some states, diaspora communities, financial and global market structures, unrestricted access to technological advancements, and numerous safe regions to metamorphose into the complex structures (Makarenko, 2010).
Driving Force for this Metamorphosis
Criminal and terrorist groups have expanded their operations into new businesses. Therefore, the groups seeking expert knowledge on new areas such as money laundering, bomb making, and counterfeiting. They are also engaged in smuggling of weapons, illicit narcotics, and human cargo from one country or continent to another. There is a need for operational support to access smuggling routes from groups operating in these areas. Therefore, they are forced to form alliances with other groups that have made them metamorphose. According to Makarenko (2010), the relationships can either be long-term, short-term, or one-off. Alliances are either formed by criminal groups seeking an alliance with terrorist groups or terrorist groups pursuing deals with the criminal group.
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