Write a 1500 word paper that shows how the work of a philosopher/s can be used to construct a philosophical antidote/s to one of the irrational rules of reasoning discussed in class and/or your readings–demanding perfection (“metaphysical insecurity”), awfulizing, damnation (global, self, others), etc. Remember that the main idea of philosophical practice is to help people deal rationally with their problems of living. Accordingly, your discussion would best be anchored in a discussion of a particular problem that a person has–for example, death and dying, depression over some misfortune, lack of self-esteem, an anger problem, intense anxiety over performing in public, guilt for having done something one perceives to be wrong, etc.
Here is an excellent example of a student paper that tackles demanding perfection.
2. Write a 1500 word paper that applies the six logic-based steps in dealing with a behavioral and/or emotional problem. (These six steps are listed and discussed in Logic-Based Therapy to Go.) Using a particular problem that a person has, show how (1) the premises and conclusion of the person’s emotional reasoning can be constructed; (2) irrational premises identified, (3) irrational premises refuted; (4) their guiding virtues identified (5) an uplifting philosophy/philosophies used to construct a potent antidote/s; and (6) how this philosophy/philosophies can be applied to help overcome the behavioral/emotional problem.
Here is an excellent example of a student paper that applies the six logic based step to a behavioral/emotional problem.
This paper will be assessed according to three sets of competency skills:
1. Communicates Effectively
2. Demonstrates Logical/Analytical Thinking
3. Shows Emotional/Moral Sensitivity
A PAPER = satisfies all or most standards in all three categories
B PAPER = satisfies all or most standards in two categories
C PAPER = satisfies all or most standards in one category
D PAPER = satisfies some standards in one category.
F PAPER = does not satisfy any standards in any category
The standards of assessment for each of these three categories are as follows:
1. Communicates Effectively
Presents information about a problem of living clearly and accurately through the effective selection and organization of information.
Uses language in ways that clearly and concisely describe the problem.
In presenting this information, identifies the most significant and relevant facts, definitions, and concrete details of the problem (nature of the perceived problem, emotional and behavioral responses to it, reasoning or thought process about it) for purpose of analysis.
2. Demonstrates Logical/Analytic Thinking
Identifies key assumptions/premises in the reasoning about the problem.
Identifies major irrational thinking errors (“fallacies”) inherent in such assumptions/premises.
Demonstrate at least one method of refutation of such fallacies (that is, showing why the thinking is irrational).
Shows how to effectively address such fallacies through the application of philosophical ideas or theories gleaned through primary source readings included in the course, the readings in the New Rational Therapy, or other philosophical texts.
Applies such philosophical ideas or theories to the construction of a plan of action.
3. Shows Emotional and Moral Sensitivity
Identifies the particular emotion/s (anxiety, guilt, depression, anger, etc.) experienced by the person in question.
Demonstrates empathy in understanding the perceived problem or perspective of this person.
Identifies the influence of feelings and other non-cognitive factors on the person’s thinking.
Identifies key ethical concepts or virtues that can contribute to constructive, behavioral and emotional change.
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