Philosophy applied today
Critical theory is a social theory that studies society in a logical way by analyzing the political economy, ideologies, domination, and exploitation. It is based on critiquing domination and focuses on changing the society to a domination-free society. Critical theories are detailed about social life and analyze people’s assumptions that help them understand how the world works. Critical theory is the work of Frankfurt School that originated in the works of scholars such as Theodor Adorno, Max Horkheimer, and Herbert Marcuse (Fuchs, 31). Max Horkheimer stated that a critical theory must sufficiently give details regarding social problems, recommend convenient solutions to help solve these problems, and finally, it must clearly follow the norms of criticism established by the field. Over the years the goals and doctrines of critical theory have been used by a huge number of social scientists and philosophers. Today, critical theory can be recognized in many in gender and queer theory, feminist theories, cultural theory, in critical race theory, and in media theory and media studies. This paper focuses on the critical theory of communication and the contributions of Jürgen Habermas towards this theory.
Critical Theory of Communication gives important insights about the operation of communication in the era of social media, digital media, and information. The theory further suggests that the society needs to go beyond Habermas’ theory and establish a critical theory of communication. Fuchs (3) suggests that knowledge, communication, culture, work, labor, ideology, alienation, reification, and dialogues are some of the key categories for the foundations of the critical theory of communication. Communication is one of the fundamental foundations of most economies since it is the only way for bringing about and reproducing social relations in all the realms of society, in the form of either symbolic relations or unspecified forms of indirect communication. In addition to communication, another necessity for existence is the human thought since for economic progress anticipative thinking is required just like communication is significant. Through thought and communication, the economy is fundamentally cultural.
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