- The hand in will be electronic only on the VLE (learn.gold), via links on the course page for Research Design and statistics. The links will be created shortly.
- Students whose late submission may arise through genuine mitigating circumstances (MCs) should notify the course coordinator that their work will be submitted late (preferably before the deadline). Within 1 week after the deadline, these students then need to submit a completed MCs form (available from the IMS departmental office), with the supporting evidence. Also within 1 week of the deadline, they must email in the late work as well.
A consultancy in London runs leadership development courses for aspiring business leaders.
- The leadership development approach involves assessing ‘dark side’ personality traits to help leaders understand and improve their interpersonal styles.
- The personality questionnaire contains six scales that measure antagonism, compulsivity, detachment, disinhibition, neuroticism, and psychoticism.
- There are 150 participants who have answered the questionnaire, and the items are in the table below.
- Each participant’s manager has rated each participant on two scales, one is how much conflict they get into at work, and the other is achievement of work goals.
You have now been approached by the consultancy that has asked you to use the statistical knowledge you have acquired so far to explore the data. Item responses for the personality questionnaire are strongly disagree (1) to strongly agree (5). Item responses for the conflict question use the same 1 to 5 scale. Responses to the goals questionnaire range from 0 (strongly disagree) to 6 (strongly agree). The questions you must answer are below. You have 1500 words for this assignment.
PLEASE NUMBER YOUR QUESTIONS FOLLOWING THE ORDER BELOW
- i) What are the ethical considerations that the leadership consultancy should consider in their use of these personality assessments?
— 5 marks
- ii) Undertake data screening and cleaning and required to perform the analyses that follow, in particular, focusing on missing data analysis, and report your results.
— 10 marks
iii) Check that each scale is reliable using Cronbach’s alpha. (We will discuss this in class on Tuesday 16th).
— 10 marks
- iv) Create composite scores by creating an average of the items for each scale. Provide the following statistics for each of the composite variables: Mean, standard deviation, skew, kurtosis. Present results as tables for each construct and present a 5-point summary for each scale.
— 10 marks
- v) Calculate the correlation matrix between the subscales. What does the correlation matrix tell you about which personality scales are most strongly related with conflict and goal achievement at work?
— 10 marks
- vi) Questionnaire items are all scored in the same direction, i.e., all items describe the high end of the scale. If items were included in the questionnaire that were ‘reversed’ so that the item described adaptive behavior at work, what would you have to do to the scores before creating scale composites?
— 5 marks
AN1 Fight fire with fire.
AN2 Behave boldly.
AN3 Tell people when they’re annoying me.
AN4 See how far I can push people.
AN5 Am better than my colleagues.
AN6 Don’t back down.
AN7 Can get whatever I want through flattery.
AN8 Never tell the whole story.
CO1 Insist on everything being perfect.
CO2 Can’t stand errors.
CO3 Believe there is usually a right way to do things.
CO4 Believe most things should be done a certain way.
CO5 Am a detail person.
CO6 Do everything properly.
CO7 See failure as a result of lack of effort.
CO8 Never give up.
CO9 Know a risky situation when I see one.
DE1 Prefer being alone.
DE2 Avoid others whenever possible.
DE3 Have a cold personality.
DE4 Have few close friends.
DE5 Keep my distance from colleagues.
DE6 Rarely feel happy.
DE7 Have no feelings to express.
DE8 Keep interaction to a minimum.
DI1 Have a short attention span.
DI2 Can’t concentrate for long.
DI3 Don’t follow through.
DI4 Break agreements.
DI5 Throw caution to the wind.
DI6 Get into trouble.
DI7 Like to do crazy things.
DI8 Don’t overthink important decisions.
NE1 Often feel down.
NE2 Have a negative outlook.
NE3 Have a poor opinion of myself.
NE4 Am a victim of my emotions.
NE5 Am concerned about things that might happen.
NE6 Feel a lot of guilt.
NE7 Wonder if friends have changed their minds about me.
NE8 Imagine what others think about me.
NE9 Find that people are against me.
PS1 Have weird perceptions.
PS2 Have unusual thought processes.
PS3 Have uncoventional beliefs.
PS4 Have bizarre experiences.
PS5 Have peculiar mannerisms.
PS6 Seem eccentric to other people.
PS7 Forget how I got places.
PS8 Wonder why I do the things I do.
Conf1 How often does your colleague get into arguments at work
Conf2 How often do other people yell at your colleague at work
Conf3 How often are people rude to your colleague at work
Conf4 How often do other people do nasty things to your colleague at work
Goal1 My colleague did something which was hard to do but was worth it
Goal2 My colleague did things even though they were hard
Goal3 My colleague structured their days activities
Goal4 My colleague engaged in a wide and diverse array of activities
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