Research Design and Statistics: What are the ethical considerations that the leadership consultancy should consider in their use of these personality assessments?

Research Design and Statistics: What are the ethical considerations that the leadership consultancy should consider in their use of these personality assessments? 150 150 Affordable Capstone Projects Written from Scratch
  • The hand in will be electronic only on the VLE (, via links on the course page for Research Design and statistics. The links will be created shortly.
  • Students whose late submission may arise through genuine mitigating circumstances (MCs) should notify the course coordinator that their work will be submitted late (preferably before the deadline). Within 1 week after the deadline, these students then need to submit a completed MCs form (available from the IMS departmental office), with the supporting evidence. Also within 1 week of the deadline, they must email in the late work as well.

Your task.

A consultancy in London runs leadership development courses for aspiring business leaders.

  • The leadership development approach involves assessing ‘dark side’ personality traits to help leaders understand and improve their interpersonal styles.
  • The personality questionnaire contains six scales that measure antagonism, compulsivity, detachment, disinhibition, neuroticism, and psychoticism.
  • There are 150 participants who have answered the questionnaire, and the items are in the table below.
  • Each participant’s manager has rated each participant on two scales, one is how much conflict they get into at work, and the other is achievement of work goals.

You have now been approached by the consultancy that has asked you to use the statistical knowledge you have acquired so far to explore the data. Item responses for the personality questionnaire are strongly disagree (1) to strongly agree (5). Item responses for the conflict question use the same 1 to 5 scale. Responses to the goals questionnaire range from 0 (strongly disagree) to 6 (strongly agree). The questions you must answer are below. You have 1500 words for this assignment.



Assignment Questions

  1. i) What are the ethical considerations that the leadership consultancy should consider in their use of these personality assessments?

— 5 marks

  1. ii) Undertake data screening and cleaning and required to perform the analyses that follow, in particular, focusing on missing data analysis, and report your results.

— 10 marks

iii) Check that each scale is reliable using Cronbach’s alpha. (We will discuss this in class on Tuesday 16th).

— 10 marks

  1. iv) Create composite scores by creating an average of the items for each scale. Provide the following statistics for each of the composite variables: Mean, standard deviation, skew, kurtosis.  Present results as tables for each construct and present a 5-point summary for each scale.

— 10 marks


  1. v) Calculate the correlation matrix between the subscales. What does the correlation matrix tell you about which personality scales are most strongly related with conflict and goal achievement at work?

            — 10 marks


  1. vi) Questionnaire items are all scored in the same direction, i.e., all items describe the high end of the scale. If items were included in the questionnaire that were ‘reversed’ so that the item described adaptive behavior at work, what would you have to do to the scores before creating scale composites?

            — 5 marks


G         Gender

AN1    Fight fire with fire.

AN2    Behave boldly.

AN3    Tell people when they’re annoying me.

AN4    See how far I can push people.

AN5    Am better than my colleagues.

AN6    Don’t back down.

AN7    Can get whatever I want through flattery.

AN8    Never tell the whole story.

CO1    Insist on everything being perfect.

CO2    Can’t stand errors.

CO3    Believe there is usually a right way to do things.

CO4    Believe most things should be done a certain way.

CO5    Am a detail person.

CO6    Do everything properly.

CO7    See failure as a result of lack of effort.

CO8    Never give up.

CO9    Know a risky situation when I see one.

DE1    Prefer being alone.

DE2    Avoid others whenever possible.

DE3    Have a cold personality.

DE4    Have few close friends.

DE5    Keep my distance from colleagues.

DE6    Rarely feel happy.

DE7    Have no feelings to express.

DE8    Keep interaction to a minimum.

DI1      Have a short attention span.

DI2      Can’t concentrate for long.

DI3      Don’t follow through.

DI4      Break agreements.

DI5      Throw caution to the wind.

DI6      Get into trouble.

DI7      Like to do crazy things.

DI8      Don’t overthink important decisions.

NE1    Often feel down.

NE2    Have a negative outlook.

NE3    Have a poor opinion of myself.

NE4    Am a victim of my emotions.

NE5    Am concerned about things that might happen.

NE6    Feel a lot of guilt.

NE7    Wonder if friends have changed their minds about me.

NE8    Imagine what others think about me.

NE9    Find that people are against me.

PS1      Have weird perceptions.

PS2      Have unusual thought processes.

PS3      Have uncoventional beliefs.

PS4      Have bizarre experiences.

PS5      Have peculiar mannerisms.

PS6      Seem eccentric to other people.

PS7      Forget how I got places.

PS8      Wonder why I do the things I do.

Conf1  How often does your colleague get into arguments at work

Conf2  How often do other people yell at your colleague at work

Conf3  How often are people rude to your colleague at work

Conf4  How often do other people do nasty things to your colleague at work

Goal1  My colleague did something which was hard to do but was worth it

Goal2  My colleague did things even though they were hard

Goal3  My colleague structured their days activities

Goal4  My colleague engaged in a wide and diverse array of activities