To show how racism throughout a 40 year time span and Toni Morrison’s upbringing played a huge role in Toni Morrison’s Recitatif

To show how racism throughout a 40 year time span and Toni Morrison’s upbringing played a huge role in Toni Morrison’s Recitatif 150 150 Affordable Capstone Projects Written from Scratch


Using MLA format and works cited. Also I have attached a Critical Response Essay on this topic and my Research Paper Proposal to give a little more insight on what is needed.



Toni Morrison was born as Chloe Ardelia Wofford in February 1931 in Lorain, Ohio (Morrison 7).  Toni was a college nickname and Morrison became her married name. She was the second born of the four children in her family. Her father George Wofford was a welder and played the violin at home. Her mother Ramah Willis Wofford was a housewife who loved opera and Jazz.  The Lorain community was predominantly African American town.  Most of the residents including Morison’s family lived in abject poverty in Lorain.  Further, the racial segregation in the south denied the African-American equal rights to employment, recreation, healthcare, and education (Morrison 1). However, her parents refused to allow the discrimination and racial aspect to have any bearing on their children.  The parents encouraged Morison to read at an early age and loved folklore and music along with perspective and clarity.  The parents and the grandmother passed down the folk stories and bought new books. She became a precocious student and an avid reader.

The love for reading encouraged Toni Morrison to study hard and started writing her own books after graduation from college. Toni became a professor, editor, novelist and a Noble Prize Winner. She wrote novels with epic themes, exquisite language that is rich in detailed African American characters as the main narrators. Her best novels include Sula, The Bluest Eye, Songs of Solomon, A mercy, Jazz, Love, and Beloved.  Other works include Recitatif which expose the existence of racism in African-American communities from an inside perspective.  The paper examines the reasons that contributed or catalyst reflection African American community in many of her works, especially in Recitatif.

An overview of the life of Toni Morrison and the novel Recitatif

Racitaf is a short story that appeared in a 1983 anthology of African American women writer with the tilted Confirmation as edited by Baraka Amina (Greene 87). The novel narrates conflicted friendship between a black and a white girl. Twyla and Roberta met at an early age of eight and cemented their friendship while staying at an orphanage. They experienced different treated in the political, economic and racial divides in the gentrified city of upstate New York. The relationship between the two girlfriends shaped the difference in races as the core theme in the novel (Greene 88).  The author, however, never disclosed the white or the black character. Instead, Toni delved between racism in America at large where the whites and blacks define themselves in opposition to one another. In other works such as Play in the Dark: Whiteness and the Literacy Imagination, Morrison explored how language enforces stereotypes in many works done by classic American writers such as Hemingway, Poe and Melville (Abel 19). Therefore “Recitafit” could be viewed as Morison’s response to the traditional or classic male and white American writers.