HIPAA is a privacy federal law that gives patients the rights to their medical records and information. The law sets the guidelines and rules regarding patient information, including limitations to who has the right to look at it and how he/she can handle such information. The purpose of the HIPAA, therefore, is to ensure that patients, in their vulnerable state, are still accorded the respect and privacy they require as is enshrined in the constitution and that they are not taken advantage of by their caregivers.
According to the HIPAA, the patient has the right to ask and see and even get a copy of his/her health records. In case of misinformation, he/she is entitled to have the facts corrected accordingly. The patient should receive a notice that informs him/her how information about his/her health will be used and how it may be shared, by whom and for what purposes. Before the evidence can be shared and used as such, the patient has the right to agree and disagree with the given resolution. This means that the patient can refuse to have his/her health information used for purposes such as marketing or research such as case study, or even that certain persons may not access the information for reasons of the patient. When his/her health information is used for a given purpose, the patient has the right to be given a report that details why and when the information was shared, by who and with who it was shared, and the expected outcome of such sharing (Harris, 2014). In case the patient feels that his/her rights have been contravened, he/she has the right to file a complaint with the health provider or insurer or with the US government.
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